The valley of the Nuratau mountain range stretches from West to East for 170-180 km. The highest point of the valley is a couple of kilometers from Samarkand and reaches 2169 m above the water level. Close to the lake Aydarkul seen a pasture of wild sheep "Severtsov". They graze on the territory of the reserve "Nurata", which was built in the 1970s by Arhar Severtsov. Despite its Central location in the valley of the mountains, it is closed to visitors, management for some reason believes that it will protect animals and plants. It is also planned to expand the reserve in some places of the Kyzylkum desert. But while there is no official confirmation of the status of "biosphere", under the protection is only part of living beings. Natural monuments, ancient mighty trees and boundless steppes were left without attention.
Good geographical location makes itself felt, the landscape is endowed with a large number of unique species of living beings, each of which is beautiful in its beauty:
Looking deep into the green forest of Nurata valley you can hear the murmur of birds drinking water from the nearby oases. Small rodents climb walnut trees, collecting supplies for the winter. The indigenous population planted and grew many kinds of seedlings: walnut, mulberry, apricot, cherry, plum, pear, Apple, Eastern plane and white poplar. Climbing the rocks just above you can see a completely different world and the following types of trees: Zarafshan junipers, pistachio trees, ordinary buckthorn, maple, Apple and hawthorn.
One of the most unique animals is the Kyzylkum mountain sheep, which lives in mountainous areas at an altitude of at least 1000 m above sea level. Here there are about thousands of bovids argali which ran here from interfluve: “Amudarya” and “Syrdarya”. On the rocks you can find several similar species of cloven-hoofed.
Driving past the wasteland, it is impossible not to notice Kuma semidesert, which seems to green grove and was a source of habitat for migratory birds: great Bustards, little Bustards, Houbara, black vulture (black vulture) and black Skirted sand partridges. Rare reptiles such as Desert monitor Lizard, Asian turtles, banded Geckos and Asian Ablepharus can also be found in the desert.
The largest lake in Nurata is Aydar, also called "Aydarkul". The second largest is lake Tuzkan. These two lakes feed the entire flora and fauna of the mountain range. On the shore you can see rare birds in these parts, most of which are listed in the red book of the IUCN: Dalmatian Pelican, small Cormorant, red-throated Goose, small white-Fronted Goose (Squeak), gray duck, Crane, white-tailed Eagle, black vulture and Gyrfalcon.
At the intersection of the Nuratau mountains and the Kyzylkum steppe also live a considerable number of different species of mammals, half of which are not recorded in Uzbekistan. Here you can meet: wolves, foxes, jackals, muskrats, Asian wild boars.